Job description definition: A job description is an overview of an open vacancy written in plain English that details the duties, functions, responsibilities and tasks of a position.
A job description gives information about who will perform a particular type of work, how the work will be done and the purpose of the work in relation to the company as a whole.
In addition to recruitment, companies use job descriptions for different reasons, including:
Job descriptions are also very useful when it comes to planning careers and offering training.
A professional job description provides applicants with a clear idea of what will be needed to perform the work successfully. In addition, managers can use job descriptions to decide whether employees are meeting all of their expectations.
Our sample job description library contains descriptions of the most sought-after roles. With our job description templates, you can quickly download or copy and paste them to your clipboard. You can then tweak them to suit your business needs and requirements.
Click here to use job descriptions for some of the most popular jobs.
A job specification is a more detailed version of a job description. It details the exact requirements wanted for the specific role such as education requirements, skills, salary, and other requirements. Despite the definition of a job specification being different than a job description, recently these two terms have been used interchangeably.
What is a job scope? A job scope is a broad summary of a specific job performed after a job analysis. The job scope is written prior to the job description and outlines the specific duties and responsibilities of the job, the job title, who the person in this role reports to, and more.
In the past, to write a good job description, you had to go through a number of steps to follow best practices.
1. Perform a job description analysis: you had to collect, examine and analyze information about the required tasks to get an accurate assessment of the job performed.
The job description included:
The results of your enquiries would then be documented and reviewed by the employees doing the jobs and their management, so you were informed of any changes in abilities, physical characteristics and skills.
2. Decide on the essential job functions
When the performance standards for a job had been set, essential functions of the job would be defined.
This helped you deal with the Americans with Disabilities Act. The essential functions would be decided by doing the following:
When the essential functions were defined, you decided whether the function was really necessary. Then you might have used the term"essential function" in the job description.
3. Organize the data in a brief way
Job descriptions vary depending on the company, but your job descriptions should be standardized to look the same.
A job description could have some (or all) of the following:
All the above can still be included in today’s job description, but his can be an inefficient way of writing one.
Ideally, a job description should be succinct to keep applicants engaged. However, you can save time and resources by bypassing most of the above steps with our pre-populated sample job descriptions.
The job description summary is the introduction of your job description. This is where you are able to sell your position to candidates. In this area you’ll want to include content that differentiates your opportunity and company from others. Typically, companies will use this area to describe the level of responsibility of the job, a sentence on the background of the company, and a description of the culture.
Below is a sample structure that you can use for writing your job description summary:
Here are some frequently asked questions about our sample job description templates:
At a minimum, our sample job description templates contains:
We have a growing number of examples in our job description library. These jobs include:
Our wide range of sample job descriptions will help you to write the perfect job description if you have a business in the retail, restaurant, on-demand or any other industry.
After you choose your job description from our list of sample job description templates and tweak it according to your business needs, you can put them to work straight away.
Use Fountain’s modern hiring software to post your openings to more than 80 free job boards. This enables you to source candidates, engage and track all of your applicants in one place. If you find that the free job boards aren’t working for you, try using Fountain's Boost feature. It helps boost the visibility and candidate flow to your job descriptions.
1. More effective recruitment
A clear job description is a communication tool that allows candidates to understand what’s expected from them in a given role.
It lists the duties and competencies needed as well as the required educational and skill levels. A clear description helps attract high-quality candidates and reduces turnover because your job description has been aligned to your candidate’s expectations of the role.
2. Better information about compensation
Most job descriptions don't say how much candidates will be paid.
However, with proper research, you can find out how much you should compensate candidates for different roles. Therefore, HR can make an assessment of the value of a particular job to the company.
This provides them with an opportunity to see how the job fits in with the company’s compensation structure, which helps to ensure that no inequality exists in job roles.
3. Help in planning employees
When working out a business strategy, it’s very important to plan your employees and their roles. A job description assists the process in the following ways:
We have done most of the heavy lifting for you. Choose to include as much information as you like to suit your company. Choosing a job description template from our library makes the long-winded process of creating a job description more user-friendly. This helps to save both yours and the applicant’s time.
After you’ve tweaked your sample job description to suit your specific business needs, you can then use modern hiring software to post the job opening. Fountain ensures a seamless process from sample job description to sourcing and hiring the right candidate. It can be done in one app.
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